## Sunday, August 6, 2017

I adore Montessori math materials and how it enables the child to experience the true meaning of quantity and numbers.  Montessori math is not just about memorization, counting and abstraction, its main goal is to build a relationship between the child and the materials, learning with ease and enjoying the work through engaging activities.  I own most of the Montessori math early childhood, and starting to collect the elementary for my oldest child.  They’re quite pricey, but worth it. On how to use these materials, I have albums from The Montessori Parent, Cultivating Dharma and Garden of Francis, and I also administer other extension activities that I could think of (I love doing this!).

There are a LOT of Montessori math materials, and it’s quite confusing for parents who are just starting.  Aside from their purpose and functionality, I often get questions like what materials should be used first? What’s the curriculum? Where can I get these materials?  How is the material being used?  So to help parents, here’s early childhood Montessori math in a nutshell!

Montessori math materials for early childhood is divided into five categories.  They are grouped according to their functionality.  Now, there is no math curriculum in Montessori but 'ALBUMS', which will guide you on how to use these materials in order, but often the order is not that crucial because in Montessori, we follow the child.

## GROUP 1: Introduction to Numbers

These are the Montessori math materials that introduces the child to the fundamental components of mathematics like the units of quantity from zero to ten.  The materials in this group include:
You can further extend the use of these materials as you wish (referred to as extension activities).

## GROUP 2: Introduction to Decimal System

These materials introduces the child to the decimal system by giving them tangible experience.  This is usually given to the child once he can count or truly understands the concept of 1 to 9 and zero.  Materials in this group include:

## GROUP 3: Tens, Teens and Linear Counting

These materials are for counting beyond 10. This group introduces the teen numbers and the tens.  Once the child is comfortable with these, he/she is then allowed to do linear and skip counting using the bead materials.

## GROUP 4:  Arithmetic Tables

These materials demonstrate addition, subtraction, the relationships in multiplication and division.  The child is encouraged to record the results of the operations in tables to aid memorization (unconsciously memorizing!).
• Subtraction strips
• Multiplication charts or beads or board
• Division charts or beads or board
• Snake Games

## GROUP 5: Passage to Abstraction

These materials help the child transition from tangible materials to abstraction. They will gradually disregard the physical manipulatives. This is where the learning of the child in the previous groups combine to solve arithmetics up to a millions.  This group act as a bridge to abstraction, wherein the child is able to solve problems without any of the pyhsical materials.  Included in this group are the following:
• Hierarchy of numbers

Credits:

The images of Montessori materials are all from Nienhuis.  You can purchase these from their website or from Absorbent Minds UK (where I purchased some of my materials).